Wednesday, May 27, 2020

Meet MG author Wendy Leighton-Porter

Carpinello's Writing Pages is excited to welcome back fellow Quest author Wendy Leighton-Porter. Although we have not met in person, Wendy and I have been friends for many years. We were drawn to each other because we both write adventures set in the ancient worlds. Today our friendship continues as do our writing interests. While I remain in the ancient worlds, Wendy has traveled through time with her Shadows from the Past series and is now writing her way through English history. I invite you to read on and learn more about Wendy and her writings.

Here's a bit about Wendy:

I spent 20 years as a teacher of French, Latin and Classical studies until a change of career led me to writing books for children. My aim is to take young readers on a magical mystery tour through the past and I hope that my love of history, myth and legend will rub off on them along the way. I’m a cat-lover, especially the Tonkinese breed, so it’s no surprise that my favourite character in my books is Max the talking Tonkinese cat. Originally from the UK, I have a home in France, but have been living in Abu Dhabi for the past 6 years.

Why did you choose to write books for MG?

As a former teacher, I knew that the 8-12 age group would be the perfect audience – they have vivid imaginations and a curiosity to learn new things. This series of adventures is fun to read, taking readers on a journey through the pages of history alongside my young time-travellers, but the stories are also educational, giving children the opportunity to learn without even realising it.

What types of books do you like to read, and what do you do when you're not writing?

I read most things, apart from Science Fiction which I must confess has never really appealed to me. I’m happy to lose myself in fiction of most other types, including thrillers, detective stories, romance and historical. I also enjoy non-fiction, especially anything history based.

Tell us about Max's Royal Adventure and how the story came to be.

Max’s Royal Adventure is the 16th book in my series. This novella is based on a famous episode in English history and, once I hit upon the idea of using it for one of Max’s solo adventures, I felt so inspired to write it that the story flowed out of me really fast. I made sure that the historical details in my version of events are as accurate as possible but, as usual, there is a huge fictional element. Max, of course, is crucial to the success of the operation and, yet again, his endearing qualities shine through. With each passing story, the character of the bumbling cat is building. To misquote Shakespeare, "Some cats are born great, some achieve greatness, and some have greatness thrust upon them." – I think the last one definitely describes Max best!

Here's a peek at Max's Royal Adventure:

Book 16 in the Shadows from the Past series is a solo adventure for my feline hero, Max the talking Tonkinese cat. The story is set in 1651, during the English Civil War:

The rightful King of England is on the run. With a price on his head and in fear for his life, Charles Stuart is desperate to escape his pursuers, the Parliamentarians who executed his father. A rich reward has been offered for his capture and everyone is on the lookout for the young man. Nowhere is safe. How will he ever manage to flee the country without help?

Never fear – the Guardians of Time have a Special Agent lined up for the job … but he just so happens to be a cat!

How do you go about researching for your stories?

I read around the subject as much as I can. I also find the internet to be very useful. My motto is: When in doubt, Google it!

Have you written other books? If so, tell us a bit about them.

SHADOWS FROM THE PAST is a series of time-travel adventure stories, featuring ten-year-old twins Jemima and Joe Lancelot, their friend Charlie Green, and Max, a rather special Tonkinese cat. As yet incomplete, there will be 25 titles in total when the series reaches its final conclusion. The books are based on history, myth and legend, but with a bit of an added twist.

At the start of the first adventure, The Shadow of Atlantis, ten-year-old twins Jemima and Joe Lancelot have no idea why their parents have disappeared, but a mysterious old book belonging to their father holds the answer … and so begins a quest to uncover the truth. As the mystery unfolds, my young heroes embark on a magical journey into the past and a quest to unlock the secrets of an old book that is a gateway into the pages of history.

Along the way, the time-travelling youngsters learn much about human nature – both good and bad – and the importance of always striving to do your best. More importantly, they learn a great deal about themselves, including lessons in friendship and loyalty. It’s a steep learning curve at times, but children are resilient and resourceful. Having grown in confidence as a result of their experiences, they will be able to face the future, armed with the knowledge that they can achieve their dreams and ambitions if they believe in themselves. Nothing is impossible!

What’s next for your writing? Are you working on a new story?

I’m currently working on book number 17 in the series, The Shadow of the Great Fire, set during the Great Fire of London in 1666. It’s packed with historical detail, but my young time-travellers and Max the Tonkinese cat are in for a hair-raising adventure, filled with plenty of mystery and intrigue. They will also meet some famous people from that period, including Sir Isaac Newton, Sir Christopher Wren and King Charles II.

What advice do you have for other authors?

Be prepared to do lots of marketing for your books! I was really bad at this and am still learning. I was not a regular on social media, but I’ve made some good author friends along the way who give me lots of advice and point me in the right direction. There are some great groups you can join on Facebook and other social media sites – I’ve found fellow writers to be a very supportive community.

Anything else you want readers to know?

My passion for history also fuels one of my other hobbies, genealogy, and I’ve been researching my family tree for many years. In fact, it was my father who started me off along this path when I was young – it was an interest we both shared. I’m now carrying on his work and continue to uncover new things all the time. With so much information now available via the internet, it makes the search a lot easier and I’ve been lucky to trace some branches of my family as far back as the 1500s. I find the research so absorbing that I feel like a detective solving a great mystery when I follow clues and discover something new about the lives of my ancestors. I also have no problem when I need to find names for the characters in my books – I simply go to my family tree! For example, Jemima Lancelot, my young heroine, was named after my 5-x great-grandmother.

Where can readers find you and your books?

I have a website:

And, I’m part of the Quest Book group of authors:

You can also find me on




My books are available from Amazon, in both Kindle and paperback versions.

Monday, May 11, 2020

Meet Author Kai Strand on Tour

I’m pleased to be participating in author Kai Strand’s Blog Tour today for her latest release, DAY OF RECKONING, the beginning of her Concord Chronicles series.

I've known Kai for many years, and I'm glad to have her back on my blog. It's also exciting to help other authors debut their new books.

First, here's a bit about Kai:

I love that I make things up for a living. From my bestselling, young adult Super Villain Academy series to my award-winning, middle grade Weaver Tales series, I create worlds where readers can escape their reality one adventure at a time. I write fiction for kids and teens under the name Kai Strand and I write fiction for the adults among us under the name LA Dragoni. 

Why do you write books for multiple ages?

Mostly, it’s because my mind doesn’t focus its ideas to one readership. Who am I argue with it? I love writing for adults because there are literally no rules. I love writing for young adults because there is so much to discover in the areas of love and decision making and independence. And I love writing for a middle grade audience because, in my opinion, those are the most formative years of our lives. We are expected to be independent without being given our independence. We are expected to make good choices without previously being taught how to make decisions. But kids this age who read are among the most prepared to live life successfully because they have already experienced so much without having to suffer the consequences.

What types of books do you like to read, and what do you do when you're not writing?

My reasons for reading books across the ages are the same as why I write for them. However, I do read mostly young adult. I love the fast pace, the economy of words, the adventure, the passion, the discovery. It gets my heart beating fast and makes me stay up too late reading. But a good middle grade adventure always draws me in.

Living in Central Oregon, I chase my own adventure while hiking, canoeing, and camping with my husband and our two dogs

Tell us about Day of Reckoning and how the story came to be:

I was inspired to write Day of Reckoning after having read the first four Harry Potter books and was waiting for the fifth to be released. I missed the magical world so much and thought, “I can create my own!” I’d always enjoyed writing but had never considered becoming a writer until I decided to sit down and write an entire middle grade novel. The book poured out of me in only two short months. Like most first books, it was poorly written, and it took me years and years to get it into publishable condition. So, though it was the first book I wrote it was far from the first book I had published. I had the most fun making up the fantastical underworld creatures and developing the Nature’s Spirits’ talents. 

Here's a peek at Day of Reckoning:

Not only does twelve-year-old, Terra, learn she’s a Nature’s Spirit destined to serve the peaceful underground city of Concord, but she also finds she is named in a prophecy as the only one who can thwart the leader of the death tribe.

The Trepidus are the death janitors of the Underworld. They’re responsible for the termination and cleanup of Concord’s beings. When their leader, Blanco, learns Terra is the one who can derail his day of reckoning, he does everything he can to get rid of her. Including, dispatch a “Bringer” to complete the ultimate of death janitor duties.

Not only does Terra want to stay alive, but she hopes to complete her training and discover her Spirit talents too. So, Frank, a Spirit of Security, is assigned to protect her. Together, they undertake a secret investigation of how to defeat Blanco. But with the future of Concord and Terra’s very own life at stake, will they find the answer in time?

Straight from the story: Though her heart did its best imitation of a hummingbird and her legs twitched with the desperate need to kick into flight mode, she somehow sensed it wasn’t unexpected for her to wake at two in the morning to find an elf-like creature standing politely in her bedroom. Maybe it was his serene expression or the way he folded his hands together as he waited for her reaction.

Nonetheless, she clutched the comforter under her chin, ready to throw herself under her covers if he bared spiked teeth and razor-sharp claws.

“What are you?” Terra’s voice, barely a whisper, shook with fear.

The creature stepped into a beam of moonlight streaming through the window. Terra blinked, screwing up her expression with the effort to see in the dark. Hair tickled her chin as a cool night breeze stole into the room.

“Where’s my window?” She choked over the words, scooting as far into the corner of her bed as she could press herself, dragging her comforter with her. Though the creature was no more than two feet tall, he’d managed to make her window disappear, so it seemed likely he could grab her by the ankle and drag her from the house.

What are you working on now?

I’m writing the prequel to Day of Reckoning, The Making of a Master, now and, once again, I really enjoy figuring out the different Spirit talents and how they are applied to protecting the peace of the underground city of Concord.
Where can readers find you and your books?

You can learn more about me at

DAY OF RECKONING can be purchased at the following sites:
Amazon | Barnes and Noble | iBooks | Kobo


Author Kai Strand is giving away four $5 Amazon Gift Cards and one lucky winner will receive a digital copy of DAY OF RECKONING along with a $15 Amazon Gift Card

To enter the giveaway, just click on the Rafflecopter widget below and follow the instructions. The widget may take a few seconds to load so please be patient. If the widget doesn’t show up, just click HERE and you’ll be directed to the widget.

Thanks for stopping by and be sure to follow Kai on her week-long tour HERE. You never know what you might find out. What do you think about a 12-year-old protagonist? Do you see how she could grow and develop over a series?

a Rafflecopter giveaway

Wednesday, April 29, 2020

Meet Children's/YA Author John Clewarth

Welcome to Carpinello's Writing Pages where I introduce you to new authors, famous authors, and old friends. John doesn't tell us, but he resides in the UK. John and I both publish with Silver Quill Publishing. John is also a teacher. I hope you stop by his website and read his 'About Me'. It's humorous and a little scary! And now,

Here's a bit about John Clewarth:

John Clewarth is a writer for Children and Young Adult readers. His first novel, Firestorm Rising, is a chilling tale, inspired by a visit to a gothic graveyard one dark, rainy day. His second novel, Demons in the Dark, is a horror story, broadly aimed written for the young adult market. John believes that horror should be scary but fun, and loves to lace his stories with humour.

John and his wife are both teachers. He is also a football (UK style, not American) fan.

Why did you pick to write books for Children/YA?

Two main reasons. When I was around the age-range I generally target, it was really difficult to get my hands on anything scary or spooky, unless I went into the ‘grown-up’ section of the library. It was either The Famous Five or Tin Tin, or the like (nothing wrong with those books, by the way!).  They just didn’t float my boat. So, from a young age, I ended up getting into the likes of the legendary Pan Books of Horror Stories, and James Herbert, Stephen King etc. I remember well-thumbed copies being shared around my friends at school! So, I try to write some of the things that I would have liked to read when I was ‘middle grade’.

The second reason is that I’ve been a teacher for more than thirty years – and have loved pretty much every minute. The majority of that time has been spent with 7 to 11 year-olds. Boy, do they provide inspiration – for characters, storylines, crazy ideas and notions that, along with a good dose of imagination and a fair infusion of poetic licence, can be woven into story ideas. I’d like to think that I have a bit of a head start on many authors when trying to get the narrative voice right, too. I spend countless hours talking to these guys, so their way of speaking kind of sticks! And if they like you, they stick with you.

What types of books do you like to read, and what do you do when you are not writing?

I’m becoming more eclectic with my reading but always like my reading material to have a dark, spooky edge. I read more MG and YA than adult material these days; the market is in great shape and has such a lot of quality to choose from – which makes it even more difficult to make your mark as a writer for this market! I also enjoy classic ghost and horror stories and am currently reading a collection of short stories by E. F. Benson, selected by Mark Gatiss. Having a great time with those.

When I’m not writing (or reading) I enjoy getting out there in the open – not so easy at this time of ‘lockdown’. I find running and walking in nature to be a wonderful way of relaxing and mulling over storylines. And, of course, you feel great and get fit. Win win! I enjoy good TV and cinema drama and also enjoy going to the theatre, as a treat!

Tell us about Firestorm Rising and how the story came to be.

I’m really proud of this book as it reached the finals of the People’s Book Prize when it first came out – and the sequel is almost ready for publication; just a couple of months will see its release! 

Firestorm Rising was my first book baby – up until then I had written a lot of short stories, mainly for the adult market, with a good degree of success. But this book was my first serious, get that bum down in the seat, attempt at seeing a novel the whole way through. It’s the story of three young friends who unwittingly stumble upon something other-worldy and dangerous, one Halloween night. 

The opening scene takes place in a graveyard, and it was in a graveyard that the story first suggested itself in my mind. We were on a family holiday to bonny Scotland, with our two young boys, and on this particular day we decided to visit the highest village in Scotland, a place by the name of Wanlockhead. It held particular appeal because it was steeped in history; old lead mine; street of quaint, olde-worlde shops like blacksmith, etc – and, of course, a graveyard. The heavens opened and as the rain pelted down, we dashed for cover under the spreading limbs of a tree, in the old graveyard. The gravestones were so weathered that the words had long since been obliterated, and the tombs were pock-marked and mottled. A ‘what-if?’ thought popped into my head. What if those gravestones could speak? What tales could they tell? What secrets do they keep? This was rapidly followed by another: What if someone, or something, had buried something there, that they wanted no one to find? And what if a bunch of schoolfriends found it, and the something wanted it back? From there, it gathered momentum quickly. It was super-fun to write and it’s great revisiting the characters now for the forthcoming sequel.

Here's a Peek at Firestorm Rising:

Raingate Cemetery is the spooky playground of Tom Allerton, Daniel 'Doc' Studd and Jasmine 'Jazz' Baxter, and provides a great opportunity for them to play a practical Halloween joke on their schoolmates. Events take an unexpected turn when a freak storm occurs and lightning strikes an ancient and crumbling tomb. The children flee in terror, all except for Jazz who decides to investigate.

Peering into the smoking rubble of the sepulchre, she is strangely drawn towards a weird pendant which unleashes a chain of terrifying and supernatural events. As the unearthly owner of the pendant endeavours to get it back, the friendship of the central characters is put to the toughest test, and they discover the true meanings of friendship, loyalty, truthfulness and fear. The children learn that there are far more things in the universe than they ever learned at school, as a terrifying monster is awakened from a long hot sleep... 

How do you go about researching for your stories?

Each story is different but I always try to thread through each story sprinklings of myself:  conversations I’ve had, people I’ve met, dreams I’ve had, experiences I’ve enjoyed or have moved me in some way, snippets of news reports etc. Once I have the idea for a book, I like to visit, or revisit, the locations to soak up the atmosphere first hand, use obscure archive material and, of course, good old Google is a gold mine of research information. I find it’s the weaving together of many or all of these things that lends a richer texture to the narrative.

Have you written other books? If so, tell us a bit about them.

I have another novel, called Demons in the Dark. This one is aimed at the 10+ market (and has even, I’m told, scared grown-ups!) The material is a little more gritty and the story centres around the adventures of a boy whose visit to the Wookey Hole Showcaves, in Somerset UK, turns into something far more scary than planned! I had a blast dreaming up the monsters and sub-plots in that one. I have a collection of stories, called Nightmares from the Graveyard, which is in e-book form on Amazon (for a small charge) but which is also on Smashwords for free. There’s a narrative that links each tale, focusing on a boy who lost a bet to spend a night in (yes, you’ve guessed it!) a graveyard.  Here, he meets a mysterious stranger who passes the night telling him spooky stories. What could possibly go wrong?!

What’s next for your writing? Are you working on a new story?

As I mentioned earlier, I’m almost finished on the sequel to Firestorm Rising (as yet untitled). This picks up the story of the central characters one year on from the events of Firestorm Rising. The friends have moved up into high school and all appears to be going well until, one night, a mysterious circus rolls into town – the leader of which seems to have a charming, Pied Piper, effect on the local children. Lurking not too far away, is the threat of a return from a terrifying foe that the children thought had long-since been defeated. Exciting stuff!

I’ve outlined the plot and drafted the opening chapters for another new book, this time aimed at the 7 – 11 market, which brings in elements of Ancient Greek myths and infuses them into the lives of a group of modern-day children. But who are the heroes and who are the villains? I’m really motivated by the ideas that are coming together for that.

Also, I’m in the early stages of a collection of (scary, of course, but!) fun tales, aimed at the 7 – 9 age range. No linking theme as such (not yet, anyway), but I’m aiming to use some of these as story-performance pieces, on some of my future school visits. Other ideas are brewing – I could do with a 25-hour day!

What advice do you have for other authors?

Write for yourself, first and foremost – and enjoy it! Write about something you know about, and then ask yourself a ‘What if?’ question. For example, most of us, at some point, have been sat in that incredibly boring meeting, listening to the seconds clunk by. What if someone next to you in that fourth-floor room stood up, opened the window, and jumped out? And what if other people started to follow? What could cause that?

Try to write at least a little every day. Sometimes the words will flow like wine, others they’ll stick like mud. Don’t worry – just write. You’re getting something banked. It’s like keeping a car engine turning over. Get it warmed up enough and it will roar. Ooh, and don’t expect a multi-million book deal to fall into your lap. It’s a hugely competitive market out there. Make writer friends, connect on social media, and don’t give up after one bad review or a thousand rejections. Remember, the next one could be the deal that turns things big for you and changes your life. Just don’t quit. Keep writing. It’s what we do. Writers write – wannabe writers just wanna write. 

Anything else you want readers to know?

For full information on all my books and upcoming projects, please check out my website or my Facebook page, and do swing by to my Twitter and say hello.

It’s a great way to interact, ask questions, get to know me and others, and to have fun.

Where can readers find you and your books?

Alternatively, you can contact me via my website, and I’ll gladly sign and personalize copies for readers, at no extra charge, and post them out to you.
My books can be found – or ordered from – all good book stores, or from Amazon. Also, please check out Silver Quill Publishing for information on my work and a host of other great authors and their books.

Wednesday, April 15, 2020

Meet YA Author Barbara Roman

Before I introduce our author, I want to share thoughts on my newest creation Guinevere: The Legend, the final book in my Guinevere trilogy. It has been a 12-year journey. I'm humbled by the recognition these stories have received and believe these last two books have positioned Guinevere and Cedwyn for the roles given them in legend.

Finishing my middle grade trilogy of this amazing young lady and her loyal friend was a highlight of my writing career. Back in 2007, when I first conceived the idea of introducing young readers to this girl/queen, I never imagined that she and Cedwyn would soar to such heights. Throughout the trilogy, readers have experienced the two's highs and lows. While their decisions weren't always the best, each made those decisions with the best of intentions. And didn't (and don't) we all do that growing up? I won't tell you how their stories end, but I will tell you that you will be on the edge of your seat wringing your hands and wiping your tears.

And now,

Welcome to Carpinello's Writing Pages where I introduce you to new authors, famous authors, and old friends. Today's author is an old friend. I excited to bring back Barbara Roman to my readers. Barbara will be introducing us to her newest trilogy. And now,

Here's a bit about Barbara Roman:

Barbara Roman (aka B. Roman) is the author of the inspirational YA Moon Singer series (a trilogy and a prequel), and the suspense fiction, “Whatever Became of Sin?”  She is also the author of two children’s fantasy books:  “Alicia and the Light Bulb People in Star Factory 13” and “Hubert in Heaven - a hi-tech angel gets his wings.” Because of her music background as a professional singer, most of her books have their roots in music theories and metaphors, entwined with the magic and mystery of metaphysical concepts, and matters of ethics, faith, compassion, love, and heroism.

Why did you pick to write books for YA?

It was not really a conscious decision.  In my early career I wrote non-fiction articles and a book on the physical, emotional and spiritual power of music. After that, my children’s stories were purely divine creations, given to me by that mysterious force beyond our human comprehension.  They just flowed easily and quickly. After I wrote kids stories in succession, I imagined The Crystal Clipper as a children’s book.  But then it took on its own identity and blossomed into a novel.  The hero of the story (David Nickerson) is a deaf teen, so I worked in some relevant plot points - family dynamics, tragic circumstances, and paranormal time travel adventures -  that I hoped would appeal to and help to enlighten this age group. I knew from the start that there had to be a trilogy - The Moon Singer Series - with each story becoming more sophisticated and adventuresome as David Nickerson matures into his spiritual destiny.

What types of books do you like to read, and what do you do when you are not writing?

I read a wide array of books - political, metaphysical, suspense, children’s stories. When I’m not writing I usually go to a movie - oh, how I miss the movies now that the theatres are closed temporarily.

Tell us about The Crystal Clipper and how the story came to be.

The Crystal Clipper was inspired by a special crystal that I found during my spiritual (metaphysical) exploration period - first as a children’s book, then evolving into a novel. I used my own knowledge of music, and much research about crystal power, reincarnation, etc., to develop the plot, and there are additional facets to the stories that are informed by my own feelings about social issues, war, ethics, and personal integrity. Teenager David Nickerson’s deafness and how he uses it to understand his karmic destiny are symbolic of listening to that inner voice of guidance that we all have access to, if we learn to be still and hear the messages.

Here's a peek at The Crystal Clipper:

A fairy tale adventure of how we all begin to deal with life - by daydreaming fantastic ways to deal with life’s problems. For David, the princess imprisoned in the tower, the monsters, the deceptions and Temptations in the Prism Palace represent the conflicts and fears of everyday life.

David Nickerson begins his fantastic journeys as a boy trying to cope with a series of family crises: his Father’s unemployment, his sister’s paralysis, the death of his mother, and his deafness after a serious illness.

When David acquires a sacred Singer crystal, he conjures up the supernaturally-powered clipper ship Moon Singer, which takes him on spectacular sojourns to past and future lifetimes. The people he encounters all have a soul connection to one another and their lives are destined to intertwine many times over.

With the help of a young princess who has the power of healing in her song, David is ultimately transformed into a young man who can “hear” what others cannot and who can “see” what others deny. But his mission is always the same - to save a life that means more to him than his own.

How do you go about researching for your stories?

In years gone by - pre-internet - I spent enormous amounts of time in the library, reading books about the subjects and elements in my plots. Thankfully, years later, there is Google and just about any topic you need information on can be found there. I do tons of research for all my books, except for the children’s stories; they are little gifts to me from my Muse.

Have you written other books? If so, tell us a bit about them.

The Crystal Clipper is Book One of The Moon Singer Series, which also includes The War Chamber and The Wind Rose. The prequel, Before the Boy, tells the story of David Nickerson’s mother, and follows her from her life as a gifted pianist in college through her romance with Isaac Nickerson, and her untimely death - which was a karmic mistake. Before she died, she imbued David with his own music talents, allowing them to be bonded throughout eternity.

Whatever Became of Sin? - a suspense thriller - grew from just a little newspaper clipping about a “passenger in 7F” that started my wheels turning about a murder mystery:  what if passengers switched seats and one is murdered, but by mistake! The “why” burgeoned into this complex thriller about a baby-switching scheme, political corruption, and racial bigotry.

What’s next for your writing? Are you working on a new story?

I’m working on another suspense fiction with the wine industry as a backdrop to murder, scandal and shocking family intrigue. While I love writing metaphysical fantasies, I like having a suspense story in the works to create a balance, to ground me into the conflicts and travesties of real life - and of course, weave a morality tale as well. One genre seems to nurture the other for some reason that I can’t truly explain. This book is many months away as I have to squeeze writing time around my day job and personal life.

What advice do you have for other authors?

Be yourself. Write what you want to write. Make it your own. No one can tell your story better than you can. But learn your craft along the way; you must never stop learning.

Anything else you want readers to know?

The Crystal Clipper is available in English, Spanish and Italian editions. Whatever Became of Sin? is translated into Portuguese. Most of my books are also available as audiobooks. Just go to my books’ pages on Amazon and see the Audible versions.

Adults are also attracted to my children’s & YA books, which doesn’t surprise me as they are somewhat sophisticated in their vocabulary and underlying messages, but just about all the reviews recommend the books as important to children.

Where can readers find you and your books?

All my books are available on Amazon around the world.

You can find me here:

Independent Author Network
Amazon Author Page 
Twitter (@BMoonSinger1)